Comprehensive Eye Exams

During our exam we evaluate the health of your eye from front to back and determine the prescription strength needed for glasses and/or contacts. This can include Visual Acuity, Intraocular pressure (not the “puff of air” version), Refraction and Dilation as well as other tests as needed.

A comprehensive eye exam is more than just evaluating your vision and need for glasses. A full exam is an important part of caring for your eyes, vision, and overall health. Many eye and vision problems have no obvious signs or symptoms, but early detection, diagnosis and treatment can help prevent unnecessary vision loss. Regular comprehensive exams are essential for detecting medical conditions such as glaucoma, macular degeneration, cataracts, and diabetic retinopathy. Our exams typically include the following:

Medical History: (Eye history)

At Town Eyecare, we care about your overall health and how it affects your eyes. Our comprehensive eye exam begins with gaining a full understanding of your medical history and discussing any current medical conditions. We also will discuss any medical history pertaining to the eye and any vision issues.

Vision Acuity Test:

This test determines how clearly you can see. During this test patients read from a chart to determine the quality of their vision and if visual correction is required.

Cover Test:

The patient will focus on the wall chart while the doctor covers and uncovers each eye using an occulder (also known as “the spoon”)

Evaluation of the Extra Ocular Muscles:

This test evaluates how well the eyes function together. This test can help determine how well the eyes move together. Problems with eye movements can cause eye strain and may affect reading ability, sports vision and other skills. Difficulty with this test could be a sign of a neurological problem.

Pupil Evaluation:

This test is a neurological test to help determine that your brain and eyes are working together properly.

Auto Refraction:

This is the first step to help determine what prescription you will need if vision correction is required. A machine focuses light through your pupil to the back of the eye to help determine a starting point for a potential prescription.

Intraocular Pressure Test:

This test is very important to evaluating the health of your eye. Your eyes are actually filled with a fluid that keeps them healthy. New fluid is constantly being added and the old fluid being drained. However, if a blockage occurs and the fluid cannot drain then pressure increases in the eye and can cause damage to the optic nerve. If left untreated this can cause glaucoma. We test the pressure in your eye to determine that it is within an acceptable range.


This test is a more in-depth test to determine the exact prescription required to provide a patient with clear vision using contacts or glasses.

Slit Lamp:

This test allows the doctor to look at the different structures in both the front and back of the eye. There are multiple parts of your eye that will be evaluated. The doctor will look at the sclera, cornea, lens, retina, and optic nerve. We recommend having your eye dilated for this exam every 1-3 years depending on your age and eye health.


5 Star Review

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Absolutely love the sophisticated eye frames carried at Town Eyecare. The owner has a tremendous "eye" for selecting frames that enhance one's particular face and coloring. Go out of your way to find this store. You won't regret it.
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- Judith Wolf Matijevic